Child Molestation World Record Holder!

Being the CNN loyalist and avid conspiracy theorist that I am, I couldn’t help but zoom in on the plague of child molestation cases that dominated the headlines circa. 1999. It seems that through time even celebrities are not immune, Michael Jackson, Roman Polanski, Jerry Lee Lewis, Bishop Eddie Long, former Oregon Governor Neil Goldschmidt who confessed his guilt, and R&B singer, R. Kelly had bouts with the accusations as well. Without a doubt, the Catholic priests seemed to take the lead in such an evil taboo that society has been forced to talk about. So-called cult leader, David Koresh, of the Branch Davidian was also accused as well as the Mormons of Utah, who have always been held in contempt by the other 49 states that look down on them for their lawful practice of polygamy.

In the case of the Catholic Priests, it is strange that to my knowledge, I haven’t seen any of them ever serve a prison sentence. My best guess is, they are covered by the Vatican, which is its own sovereign entity. So there is no way they can really be sued. So basically, what we are seeing is more or less “here is your money, leave us alone payments, that are made out to be civil law suits for damages, emotional distress, and ‘pain and suffering.’

However, none of these made my ‘conspiracy theory’ alarm go off as did the infamous 2002 case of H.E. Rev. Dr. Malachi Z. York-El, who was known as the leader of the Nuwaupians. To bring the reader up to speed, H. E. Rev. Dr. Malachi Z. York-El, is a Consul-General and Diplomat for Liberia, West Africa, whose passport number is: D/003828-04, which would bring with it Diplomatic Immunity. Accusation per accusation, this case seemed to me very bizarre and far-fetched. Rev. Dr. York was accused of molesting up to 13 children, up to 10 times a day, for up to 10 years!! My first thought was, “That is a lot of sex,” and immediately my suspicions started.

Just think, if we take one child for let’s say 5 times a day for 5 days a week, if I am correct, that is 25 times of having sex in one week. Now, multiply that 25 times by 13 children and that is 325 times he would have had sex for that week, correct? Now, we take 325 times a week by 52 weeks, again if I am correct, that comes to 16,900 times he would have had sex in a year!!!! Now, let’s take that into perspective against the 20,000 times the Great Wilt Chamberlain said he had sex in his lifetime!! I would also challenge any pornographic film star to equal those numbers as well. OK let’s finish it up, take that 16,900 times 10 years, if I am correct again, that comes to 169,000 times!!!! Which in my mind would be a world record indeed. I was quite surprised when Viagra didn’t want to use him as a spokesman and even more surprised when Guinness Book didn’t list him as well!

While downtown Atlanta, I ran into some men who were ‘propagating’ the Nuwaupian doctrine and defending Rev. Dr. York’s innocence. Many of the issues I had with what was being said in the media about the case were confirmed with my conversations with them.

Issue 1: How could Rev. York be arrested even after presenting his Diplomatic credentials to the arresting officers? The Nuwaupians answered that because of the doctrine that Rev. York has presented to the world, there are people who wanted him off the streets as a free man at all costs. Taking into consideration, that Malachi York is also a sovereign who knows what his status and the UCC CODES entail. This was also something that he wrote about in one of his books called, “Let’s Set The Record Straight.” In it he outlined the history between America and Morocco and the treatise that were made between them, namely the Treaty Of Peace And Friendship, which is the oldest treaty that is still recognized to this day.

Issue 2: Why would Dr. York plea guilty after originally entering a plea of innocent and the evidence clearly proved him innocent? This was done because Dr. York was told the women who were with him at the time of his arrest, would be let go if he would plea guilty, being that they were Innocent and it was he who the prosecution really wanted in the first place.

Issue 3: How the hell could somebody possibly have sex that many times, yet alone have enough time? Again, they confirmed my suspicions with facts and common sense. It was clear that children were behind this plot, because any adult would have know it is impossible to have sex that many times. Put to me as such, H. E. Malachi Z. York has written over 400 books. That’s right over 400 books!! Now, find any person who publishes books and ask them how long the process of writing and publishing just one book is and see what they say.

Issue 4: How did the whole mess start in the first place? They told me that it was all started by a group of kids who lived on the Nuwaupian land and could not break rules as they wanted. It was against the rules to have sex if they weren’t married, they couldn’t dress in skin tight clothing and go out to party. They got fed up with the rules that were in place to keep the order that was established by Dr. York and that was their way of getting back at him. They then conspired with the racist sheriff by the name of Howard Richard Sills, of Putnam County, GA, who hated the Nuwaupians and could not come to grips with the reality that a group of Black people lived together, had wealth and no criminal records. In return, for a conviction, the government promised them they could sue Dr. York for millions of dollars and split the pot between them.

It was also the result of the 476 acres of land that the Nuwaupians owned stood in the way of an economic plan that the Putnam County government had in development for the next 20 years. This economic plan included turning the city of Eatonton/Putnam County, GA into a tourist attraction/resort area of sorts. This also had ties with neighboring Greene County that has a major resort area called Reynolds Plantation and a Ritz-Carlton Hotel. Reynolds Plantation is owned by Mercer Reynolds, who is a close friend and business partner of Former President Bush the younger. Recently, Reynolds has been in the headlines for having to sell some his assets to satisfy lenders.

Now with all these things being said, let’s look at some medical evidence to prove that Rev. Dr. Malachi Kobina York could not be guilty of these false allegations:

1. Dr. Frederick Bright, MD OB/GYN, who is licensed to practice in the state of Georgia, was called in as a medical expert by the family of Dr. York to review the information and evidence that was brought in by the government/prosecution as early as Dec. 2002. After his examination of the evidence and testimonies of the alleged victims, he found many what he termed ‘consistent inconsistencies.’ This case was purely a ‘hearsay’ case!

2. In child molestation cases it is the normal procedure to have medical examinations done within 72 hours of the alleged molestations, the acute stage of the alleged events, to obtain forensic evidence-skin, hair, semen, saliva, etc, from the genital areas. What Dr. Bright found was that no history of events was taken by the examiners to determine the level of evaluation necessary for each victim which is very critical.

3. Some of the children had STD’s, including Chlamydia and Herpes 1. Dr. York upon examination, was found to have had none of these diseases and did not even have the anti-bodies present to suggest that he was even treated for any of these diseases and had them cured. For the record, all of the alleged victims didn’t have an STD. This shows an inconsistency. They all should have had the same STD, because they testified that Rev. Dr. York would go from one to the other. There was no DNA evidence ever found to suggest that Rev. York had engaged in any sexual acts with any of these alleged victims. There were no pregnancies. There were no testimonies of condoms being used and these girls were at the age of puberty.

4. When interviewed, none of the children gave any exact dates of the “molestations” that occurred. This includes nothing about “I remember because it was two days before my birthday.” They always gave very vague time frames, like it was the summer of 1998 or it was the fall of 1999, which doesn’t give a defendant anyway to prove he was not in said place at said time. Many of their testimonies contradicted each other about who was present when what they saw was supposedly happening to the other. There were also no mentions or testimonies by any of the alleged victims of any abortions or anything about each time Dr. York changed the bedding or anything about plastic covers on sheets.

5. There were no recorded interviews or statements(written, audio, or visual) from the alleged victims that could be evaluated by the defense experts which means the government/prosecution could make any statements necessary to bring charges against the accused. This is very important because the absence of recorded interviews prevents scrutiny of the prosecutions statements by the defense. Also, in the event contradictory information is identified, the contradictions can easily be dismissed or explained away by the prosecution. THIS TYPE OF CONDUCT SUGGESTS THAT THE GOVERNMENT/PROSECUTION HAD NO INTEREST IN ACCURATELY RECORDING THEIR FINDINGS OR THE VICTIMS WERE GIVING UNRELIABLE STATEMENTS. WHICH EXPLAINS WHY THE COURT WAS CLOSED TO THE PUBLIC DURING THE TRIAL AND THE TRANSCRIPTS WERE SEALED AFTERWARDS!!!!

6. 5 other children were taken from the Nuwaupian land that was called Tama-RE, Egipt of the West, without consent and knowledge of their parents and given examinations by state agencies and not one of them were found to be abused, sexually, mentally, or physically.

7. 8 of the 13 who originally alleged abuse by Dr. York, recanted their own testimonies on sworn affidavits. Too add to that, many of their own immediate family testified against them and said they were lying

8. The government’s ‘Star Witness’, Abigail Washington, recanted her testimony of abuse as well on a sworn affidavit and even recanted her testimony that Rev. Dr. York was guilty of the money structuring charges.

9. FBI LEAD INVESTIGATOR, JULAINE WARD, TESTIFIED UNDER OATH, IN COURT THAT SHE HAD NO EVIDENCE OR EYEWITNESSES TO PROVE OR SUGGEST THAT REV. YORK TRANSPORTED OR CAUSED TO BE TRANSPORTED, ANY CHILDREN FOR THE PURPOSE OF ILLICIT ACTS. NOTE TO THE READER: THIS WAS THE SOLE REASON FOR THE ENTIRE TRIAL!!!!

10. Assistant D.A. Richard Moultrie, stated for the record that he had no video tapes to prove any of the allegations. This is important because supposedly, video tapes were said to have been made of Dr. York engaging in these alleged acts.

In closing, I would like to add some little known facts about Rev. Dr. York that I found from doing a little research. Dr. York over the past 40 years has written more than 400 books on religious, scientific, and historical topics. THAT’S RIGHT 400 BOOKS!! Anyone who has written a dissertation, thesis paper, research paper, documentary, etc, knows how much energy and time goes into writings such as these. So ask yourself, “How the heck does someone have enough time to write 400 books, yet alone do it while molesting 13 kids everyday, all day for over 10 years?” IT’S ABSOLUTELY IMPOSSIBLE!!

Traditional Games that are Played in an Indian Wedding

Indian weddings are full of zest and joy and to make them all the more enjoyable a lot of games are played during the different ceremonies. This way the seriousness of an Indian matrimony ceremony gets lightened. These games are meant to elevate the mood and to raise affection and understanding between members of the two families.

Heres a brief description of different games played during an Indian wedding:

1. Fish the Ring
Fish the ring signifies who will rule the roost in the home front. This game is played when the couple appears as man and wife before the family gathering for the first time. In this game, the bride and groom are supposed to take off their rings and put them in a pot of clear water with rose petals in it. As both the rings settle, the newly-weds are asked to churn the water as enthusiastically as possible. After they take out their hands out of the water, everyone looks at the water. If the bride lags behind in the game, it determines that she will be obedient wife. If the grooms ring remains in the water, he will be wrapped around her finger.

At times, the rings are placed in a pot of milk and the couples are asked to `fish`. Whosoever is able to find the ring first will always have the upper hand in the marriage!

2. Hiding the Shoes
This game is played when the couple reaches the mandap for the `pheras` and the groom removes his shoes. The friends and sisters / brothers of the bride hide his shoes. After the Pheras, when the groom gets up to leave the mandap, the bridesmaids surround him and demand an shocking sum of money in exchange for his shoes. Then the friends and brothers of the groom beg and plead to give the shoes back and to reduce the sum of the money asked. After the stupid arguments, the groom pays the ransom and is allowed to put on his shoes.

3. Going Home
This game is played at the grooms house. The entrance of the house is blocked by the sisters of the groom to welcome the bride. The sisters pretending to be helpful point out a covered heap to the bride. They ask their sister-in-law to bow her head to it before entering. The bride, who is already nervous and anxious, obliges and dutifully bows her head. After befooling the bride, the cover is pulled off to expose a pile of old footwear cleverly arranged in a mound.

This ceremony does have a purpose – with this laughter, the ice is broken and the new bride feels more comfortable and finds a roomful of friends.

4. You Touch My Heart
Another game that is played during a wedding is You touch my heart. This game is mainly enjoyed by the women on the brides side. In this game, several round slots are made with a saree, which is wide enough for a hand to pass through. The saree is held lengthwise and bride and bridesmaid stand behind it stand. All the girls in the room thrust their hand upto the wrist out of the holes. On the other side stands the groom and from there he is only able to see an array of hands. The main challenge for him in this game is to search for his bride`s hands and he gets three chances for it. If he fails in the game, he has to pay a `fine`.

While, the celebrations have been constantly changing through out the institution of marriage and society, there are certain ceremonies and rituals that had been constant in marriage mantras. And such games make the ceremonies all the more pleasurable. They not only add fun to a marriage ceremony but each game aims at bringing the bride and the groom and their families closer. Not only this, they also make it easier for the bride and the groom to get comfortable with each others family and friends. Thought these days, many new games are coming for the bride and the groom to play together but some of the traditional games are still played religiously in many Indian weddings.

Jessica Kirk Professional Lawyer

Dedication to the practice of family law has helped lawyer Jessica Kirk build a solid reputation as a divorce lawyer. Her compassionate and knowledgeable approach to the issues of divorce has helped her clients successfully resolve many of the associated issues, such as child custody, alimony, and division of property. She has represented both men and women in divorce cases and along with her partners at The Crittenden Law Firm in Birmingham, Alabama she uses her experience and the firms dedication to resolving family issues to provide expert service.

As a graduate of the University of Alabama Law School and a member of such organizations as the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, lawyer Jessica Kirk approaches her work with dedication and integrity. Her divorce clients receive not only expert legal representation, but solid guidance through every step of the process.

About the University of Alabama Law School:

Throughout history, the laws for combating piracy became a key building block for todays international legal system. Alabama Laws Dean Kenneth C. Randall surveys the unique, historical relationship between piracy and international law during NPRs special report, “An Old Scourge, Piracy, Is New Again,” on Monday, May 4.

Since 1994, Alabama has had a law in place requiring all convicted felons to submit a DNA sample. But that could soon change. A bill currently making its way through the state legislature would allow for a DNA sample to be taken from everyone arrested and charged with a felony or sexual offense after October 2010. David Patton, assistant professor and director of Alabama Laws Criminal Defense Clinic, speaks with Alabama Public Radio about potential pitfalls should this bill become law in the Wednesday, May 6 story, “Making It Legal To Take DNA From Felony Arrestees In Ala.”

The Career Services Office reported 97.4% of Alabama Laws 2008 graduates as employed within 9 months of graduation. This is the 13th consecutive year that the Law School has had its employment rate above 95%. Also, the number of employers who visited Alabamas campus last Fall to conduct jobs interviews with our law students increased by over 20%.

Podcasts are now available from the February 27, 2009 Law, Knowledge & Imagination symposium titled, “Speech and Silence in American Law.” Cambridge University Press will be publishing the papers in this symposium as well as those in UA Laws previous forum held in October 2008 titled, “Sovereignty, Emergency and Legality.”

The Chief Justice of the United States, the Honorable John G. Roberts, has committed to present UA Laws Albritton Lecture in 2010. Justice Clarence Thomas will give this same lecture in fall 2009, which will mark the second time he has spoken to Alabamas law students. The Law School was honored to welcome Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin, of the Supreme Court of Canada, to Tuscaloosa on March 9 to present the spring 2009 Albritton Lecture.

Throughout history, the laws for combating piracy became a key building block for todays international legal system. Alabama Laws Dean Kenneth C. Randall surveys the unique, historical relationship between piracy and international law during NPRs special report, “An Old Scourge, Piracy, Is New Again,” on Monday, May 4.

Since 1994, Alabama has had a law in place requiring all convicted felons to submit a DNA sample. But that could soon change. A bill currently making its way through the state legislature would allow for a DNA sample to be taken from everyone arrested and charged with a felony or sexual offense after October 2010. David Patton, assistant professor and director of Alabama Laws Criminal Defense Clinic, speaks with Alabama Public Radio about potential pitfalls should this bill become law in the Wednesday, May 6 story, “Making It Legal To Take DNA From Felony Arrestees In Ala.”

Forensic Animation- Forensic Computer Animation

Forensic Animation- Forensic Computer Animation

Forensic animation is a category of 3D animation that is used for re-creating crime scenes, criminal events, accidents or disasters that have caused death. There is a wide range of uses for forensic computer animation, as forensic scientists work with investigators to gather all the relevant facts of a case and build a provable explanation of what happened and who might be at fault. There are many forensic events that can be useful to re-create in 3D, such as automobile or vehicular accidents, building, bridge or crane collapse, deadly assaults with weapons or the failure of a mechanical device that has caused a crash, explosion or fire.

To begin a forensic animation, facts must be compiled from as many sources as possible both investigative and scientific. Eyewitness accounts, photographs of the scene, statements from emergency responders and police detectives must be combined with reports from experts in relevant fields, such as weapons experts, engineers, scientists, forensic experts, etc. By combining all of the information from these sources it is possible to do a crime scene recreation or accident scene reconstruction.

Animators take these documents and use them to build accurate photorealistic 3D models of all the necessary objects in a scene. Then the items are placed accurately within a 3D environment. Once the proper textures, surfaces and colors are added, decisions must be made regarding lighting and camera placement. In many cases, facts that have been turned into a realistic and accurate 3D forensic animation can help determine culpability. The advantage of building a 3D forensic animation of scenes and objects is that the camera can then move around the scene freely to show relevant information. This can be very helpful as demonstrative evidence in the courtroom as it can help jurors to more clearly understand the facts of the case.

Forensic animation is only as accurate as the verifiability of the data that was used to build them. Important details such as direction and speed of a vehicle prior to impact in a car crash for example, must be added to a long list of other important facts. Everything from the point of contact, to weather conditions, to reports from engineers who have studied tire tracks and the vehicles after impact can be important factors in the case and should be included in the forensic animations of the scene.

Forensic animations are being accepted more and more in courtrooms around the U.S. It can be extremely difficult to explain to jurors the facts of a case without visual aids to increase their understanding and retention of the facts. The overall use of 3D animation in courtrooms is still not as high as it could be due to several myths about the process of animation.

Because of our movie going experience with special effects, there is a pre-conceived notion that 3D animations are largely products of the animator’s imagination. However, trained forensic animators spends as much as 70% of their project hours on tracking down and verifying the data they are using to re-create the scene. At each and every phase, from building the models and objects to the planned movement of those objects, and the environment they are shown in, every detail must relate and correspond directly with the investigative facts, eyewitness reports, photographs, and expert testimony.

When it comes to forensic animation, very little is left to imagination. Even if the animator is provided with few facts, if there are enough essential details they can use science, such as the laws of physics, or geometry to determine the rest.

3D animation should only be created for use in the courtroom under the following circumstances. It must adhere to and support testimony of expert witnesses and that expert should be involved in the creation of the animation in its planning stages. The use of the animation must be disclosed in advance of the trial date, with enough time for the opponent to cross examine the evidence. The animator must be an objective party that fairly and accurately has conveyed the evidence as dictated by the expert witnesses and litigators.

Managing Pressure at Home

Working women have extra responsibilities and stresses to deal with. Not only do the stress and responsibility of the workplace need to be dealt with, the pressures of home must be dealt with as well. This often creates a lot of stress to those who feel they are unable to cope.

For women who have careers and families to take care of, unfortunately anxiety and stress becomes an integral part of their lives. This sometimes makes life difficult, as balancing things is a tough job. Balancing the responsibilities of work and home is quite challenging and women feel they need to do both perfectly.

In order to manage the pressures which are found in the home, the first thing required is for the family to be an understanding one. If the family understands they all need to pitch in and help, particularly during stressful times, the burden on the woman automatically. In order to manage, a woman should sit her family down and talk to them about the responsibilities which she has to undertake. Giving each member of the family their own tasks to complete is a good idea. When everyone contributes, the burden is minimized. Family are teams, and when everyone does their little bit to help, it helps keep the woman sane and the stress levels down to a minimum – physically or mentally.

Another way in which you can manage stress at home is to believe that you have the ability to do so! Believing in oneself helps a great deal and increases motivation. By believing you have the skills and capabilities of performing the tasks required of you, there is no force which can prevent you from doing the things you want to achieve. Sometimes its worth taking a step backwards, assessing where you may need to learn something to help you move through your life a little easier. Courses on time management, decision making (learning when to say no!) and getting organized can be invaluable in alleviating stress.

Its these skills, which will help you live in the present moment. They will help you focus on home when youre there and leave work at work. Constantly thinking about work while you are at home, is not only stressful, its exhausting. Everyone needs down time! Relaxation time is when the mind and body regenerate to give you the energy to continue.

If you have faith in yourself and in your abilities, there is no need to think about the outcome which may the result of your actions. Everyone does their best, where they are in that moment. There will be some difficult decisions you will have to take within the family environment have confidence you are making the right decision and move on.

Another way stress can be managed is to deal with everything with an open mind. Look at things from other peoples perspectives. If you are having a problem, ask someone who has already been through the same thing.

Either way, accept that outcomes are not within your control. Live in the moment, do your best and manage whatever happens from your and other peoples decision.

Orange County Auto Accident Lawyer

If you or someone in your family has been injured in an auto accident, you may have asked yourself, “Do I need a lawyer?” Mashney Law Offices attorneys stand ready to represent you.

It is a common and often costly mistake to assume that because you have insurance coverage you will not need or benefit from legal advice from a lawyer experienced in personal injury.

Insurance companies know that few auto accident victims are familiar with auto accident law, proper auto accident injury care, or the details of their own insurance coverage.

The majority of insurance companies have a list of doctors with whom they work. These defense doctors have an interest in maintaining a lucrative working relationship with the insurance company, an interest that may not align with an accident victims best interests, care, and legal rights.

In such situations, some defense doctors may minimize the severity of an auto accident victims injuries. Insurance companies may attempt to disallow some types of treatment in favor of less expensive and less effective treatments in order to reduce their costs. Even in accidents cases involving serious or catastrophic injury, an insurance company almost always disputes the cause of the injury and the necessity and extent of medical care continuing into the future.

Injured auto accident victims who attempt to negotiate without the benefit of legal advice from a licensed and experienced personal injury lawyer, after they have provided the insurance company with a recorded statement and been seen by an insurance company approved doctor, often discover that insurance companies are more interested in receiving premiums and in minimizing the costs necessarily associated with claims than with paying the claims of injured auto accident victims.

The injured victim of an auto accident may be wise to think carefully before attempting to negotiate with an insurance company on his/her own. The expert advice of the lawyers of Mashney Law Offices, experienced in auto accident and personal injury law, can be of great benefit to an auto accident victim.

In California as in most other states, if you are involved in an auto accident, fault and liability must be determined before an insurance company will make a settlement payment. Fault and liability refer to responsibility. The individual who caused the accident through carelessness or negligence is at fault and is liable for any property damage and personal injuries that result from an auto accident. Liability may be shared in situations in which more than one person is at fault. Each individuals settlement is likely to be based on his or her share of fault.

Auto insurance companies have deep pockets and teams of experienced and tricky claims adjusters and defense lawyers whose job it is to see that you get as little compensation as possible, a minimum payment, for your auto accident claim.

If you do not agree with an insurance company determination, Mashney Law Offices attorneys can file a lawsuit to recover additional damages, either for monetary damages, such as lost wages, or non-monetary losses, such as emotional distress, pain, anguish, loss of consortium, etc. Mashney Law Offices auto accident and personal injury attorneys have the knowledge, skill, ability, experience, expertise, and resources to represent you in your dealings with insurance companies.

Mashney Law Offices will work hard to see that you get the best settlement ethically and legally possible to compensate you for the damages, suffering, and losses you have incurred. For more information regarding auto accidents please visit

The Impact of the Proposed Legal Aid Changes

Justice Secretary Ken Clarke has been laying out proposals for changes in legal aid that will limit the types of cases where legal aid is available, therefore savings significant costs. Currently over 2 billion a year is spent on legal aid in the UK, an amount that is more than ten times that of France. Areas where legal aid will no longer be available will include claims against hospitals, doctors and schools, immigration, benefit and employment disputes and family law cases. Also in the proposals is that fees for legal aid solicitors will be cut by 10%. It is being seen by supporters as removing legal aid where it is being wasted but keeping it where it is really seen as necessary, while critics say that it will mean the poorest members of society will in some cases be unable to get justice.

So, what will be the impact of these changes should they go ahead?

One area of law that has significantly increased over the last decade is no-win no-fee suits. Currently the costs, and therefore solicitors fees, are recovered from the losing side. This is something that will no longer be possible.

In most cases legal aid will no longer be available in cases against public institutions such as doctors, hospitals and schools. Cases that will be affected will include those seeking legal action after medical mistakes. With regard to schools it is likely to limit the number of accident claims and appeals against school entrance. Some would argue that not being able to take legal action for genuine accidents is a good thing while other say it means that institutions will no longer be held responsible for a lack of care.

Family Law is seen as an area that will be impacted most by these proposed changes. Half of the total money saved will happen in the area of family law alone. Legal aid will still be available in cases that involve domestic violence, forced marriage and child abduction, but in a relatively straight forward case it will not be the case.

In general it is expected that the number of so called minor legal disputes will be less commonplace. This is something supporters see as a major plus points, on top of the obvious fact that it will save public money. The changes may put to an end (to an extent anyway) the increasing culture of looking for blame to profit from unfortunate situations, such as minor accidents. Some see certain cases as people taking advantage of legal aid where they would not pursue the case if they had to pay for it themselves, even if they could afford to. This will therefore reduce unnecessary legal action.

There are, of course, potential problems. Some are worried that the less well off will suffer unfairly, that there will be situations where people will not get justice where someone better off, and able to afford legal advice themselves, will be able to carry a case forward. It could also lead to irresponsibility with businesses, organisations and individuals held less responsible for their actions.

Andrew Marshall (c)

How does Legal Separation differ from Divorce

Legal separation is where a married couple legally separate without getting divorced. During this legal process decisions regarding children (such as custody, visitation rights and maintenance payments) and financial issues (such as debt, mortgages and assets) are decided upon. It is really an official separation, going further than simply living apart but not as far as getting a divorce. After a legal separation a couple are still legally married but live separate lives. They are formally living apart and the courts may be used if there are any disputes.

In some ways a legal separation is like a divorce, with the most obvious reason being that the couple are not living together. If a couple have children similar arrangements need to be made as they would were they divorcing, either through agreement or through the courts. Where each spouse lives and who pays for it needs to be established as does who has access to shared funds or assets.

So, why do couples choose legal separation instead of just getting divorced? Some opt for this because they dont like the idea of getting divorced, possibly for religious reasons or they dont want the stigma of being divorced. Often couples use legal separation as a trial to see if they would like to stay together or divorce. It gives them time and space to make a decision. They may find that living apart makes them realise they miss each other and want things to return to the way they were, or they may want to be separated permanently. Sometimes legal separation leads to divorce, sometimes it leads to reconciliation and sometimes they remain separated without getting divorced.

Although some couples remain separated for good without divorcing, this is fairly rare. If they are not going to remain together as a couple most will prefer to cut their ties with each other. Another important consideration is that while still married, they are unable to marry anyone else.

So, is legal separation necessary or can couples simply live separately without the legal process? Well, they can if they wish, but it is not always that simple. Whether that is preferable depends on an individual couples situation and preferences. Legal separation can be more complex in some ways due to the legal processes that must be gone through. But, on the other hand, it can also simplify things as they will both know where they stand on certain issues.

Beatrice Sareen (c)